How would life be without cellphones? Difficult? Yes, we agree with you. Because mobile phones are the best and easiest way to communicate with the world. We have witnessed it evolving from a landline phone to friendly smartphones. All of it got possible because of the advanced cellular networks.
Since quite long, we have seen a huge transformation in the cellular network technology that consistently growing at double speed whether it is call quality, data speed or coverage area. The present standard is the fourth generation of cellular technology, popularly called 4G.
What is 5G? How It’ll Transform The Internet World
Now, we are all ready to dive into the details of the next generation of cellular networks that is 5G.
The Rise of Cellular Tech
Cellular Technology was first initiated in the year 1979, by NTT, in Tokyo, Japan. Initially, 1G technology moved to the US and Europe in 1980. At that time, there have been various distinct standards. In 1991, 2G came into existence that streamlined the previous standards.
2G was launched in data which hiked the way for phones to access the internet at up to 64Kbps. With another addition to mid-generation such as GPRS and EDGE, the data connectivity increased to up to 384Kbps.
While in the year 2001 was followed by 3G which too gone through several revisions in order to achieve enhanced speed standards up to 56Mbps.
In terms of speed, 4G has been performing phenomenally. This generation was introduced in the year 2009 which also has to undergo many processes and now the latest revision, dubbed LTE-A reaching up to 1Gbps speed.
Change is everything we need and the regular pattern of every generation went under several revisions before the dawn of the next generation. To make it more precise, we would like you to know that the 3rd Generation Partnership Project which is also known as 3GPP takes control of the development and maintenance of cellular networks.
The whole process of 5G has been under construction for quite some time and the 3GPP finally promised to launch the initial standards of 5G in 2018.
5G NR: New Technology, New Standards
The development of 5G has been initiated by the multinational companies called Qualcomm, Huawei, and Intel specifically for modem technology. While for infrastructural standards, companies such as Nokia, Ericsson, ZTE, Cisco, and Samsung have contributed significantly.
2020 is the expected year for the worldwide commercial launch of 5G. Not only mobile operator networks but 5G is also expected to be widely used for private networks with applications in industrial IoT, enterprise networking, and critical communications.
The International Telecommunication Union (ITU) has set specific standards to achieve the 5G communication standard proposal. 5G NR, where NR stands for New Radio is a new air interface which circuits between the cell phone and the active base station.
5G NR focuses on high data rate, minimum latency, power saving, cost-efficient, high system capacity, and huge device connectivity. Since it is an advanced network designed after the polished improvements done in LTE, LTE-Advanced, and LTE Pro technologies so, it is correct to expect high data and speed. As per the ITU IMT-2020 specification demands, the network would achieve the speed up to 20 gigabits per second, connect with millimeter waves of 15 gigahertz and higher frequency.
The 3GPP is going to supply distinct network standards specifically termed as “releases”. With respect to 5G, there are going to have two releases:
- Release-15: It has two components. The non-standalone component that has been designed through the existing 4G artifacts finalized at the end of 2017.
- Release-16: Concluded in June 2018. This standard finishes the first phase of 5G release and sets a new and revised version called 5G New Radio Standard.
5G Range & Speed: Experience the New
The intense speed that works into gigabits per second is the heart of 5G network standards. As of yet, the standard has promised to bring at least up to 20Gbps speed, but it is just going to be the initial stage. The criteria of speed have to cross the boundaries when the new revisions would come in the market.
If we talk about frequency then the performance of 5G operates on a wider range. As a matter of fact, the frequency range of 5G is higher than any previous networks such as 600MHz or 71GHz.
This truly means that 5G will utilize the low wavelength part of the spectrum which is also known as mmWave that ranges between 24-100GHz. It is going to be an exclusive boost of speed at a good cost of the coverage area.
The idea also concludes that the network can also utilize beam-forming or spatial filtering, a signal processing technique which is widely used in sensor arrays for directional signal transmission. The beam-forming technique would focus the signals on areas having heavy traffic which is completely different from the omnidirectional approach used in 4G or any previous networks.
Supposedly, 5G is going to result in a huge beneficial step in cellular network transformation. The whole industry would be in an illusion that this could be the last big and transformational generational step but, we never know what is waiting next.
5G Chip-sets and Smartphones
You all must be aware of the fact that with every new generation of cellular network, you need a new headset which has to be compatible with the existing technology so that you can easily utilize the benefits of the new technology and get to experience better. For a fact, the industries has started optimizing the hardware and Qualcomm is leading with the same idea of next-generation technology.
Recently, Qualcomm has launched the Snapdragon 855 which has the X50 5G modem built in. The modem supports 5G but there is something which needs a fix. The speed reaches up to 5Gbps which we know does not touch the expected standards of “The 5G”.
There are some Chinese smartphone manufacturers who have already started marketing their products with the 5G tag. If we look at the examples then, Xiaomi has uncovered the Mi Mix 3 which is being marketed as a 5G phone. However, the 5G phones will rush into the market in mid-2019. At the same time, LG has promised to launch a 5G phone in the US in early 2019.
The super company Samsung is going to release its super product called S10 which is still under construction will most likely to have Snapdragon 855 on board. It is going to get released in early 2019. As far as Apple Company’s concern, it seems like the iPhone will not run the 5G marathon soon. Apple would probably wait until the network expertise in the market.
5G and Internet of Things
From the past few years, the IoT or Internet of Things has become quite an interesting topic of discussion and now 5G is adding more spice to it. There have been subtle attempts to push IoT forward, but they have failed to materialize it well.
If we think about the promising execution then, 5G will greatly improvise the possibilities of integrating IoT with the common networks. Specifically, 5G would operate in a range of frequencies which is currently relocating the area networks as well as the cellular network frequencies as 5G needs a particular ecosystem to work effectively.
It is being expected that 5G is going to be something more than just a cellular network. Rather, it would aim to be the “only true network” that can get attached to all the wireless communication.
5G also focuses to bring manufacturers in front to build 5G IoT as the standard. There are huge names such as Qualcomm and Ericsson which have already started making it a reality. And also, there are other IoT standards which are currently being produced and accepted widely. This exceptional 5G will integrate NB-IoT and LTE-M so, it is going to be a great advantage which possibly is making 5G the center of IoT as we step forward.
When will we get 5G Networks?
We are going to get it soon. Technically, 5G networks will get approved in mid-2019. Moreover, some of the US carriers have already started operating the 5G network. Honestly, it is nothing but smart marketing.
A brand called Verizon has disclosed its 5G home internet service in October 2018. However, it is not really standardized 5G that everyone is supposed to get excited about. Verizon further claims that they are transitioning towards the true 5G because the present standardization is not quick and satisfactory enough.
You would have surely heard of AT&T which discloses its presupposed 5G network with a hefty price range. This is transmitted through a router and would cost $499 upfront with a monthly fee of $70 for 15GB of data.
Are We Good to Go For 5G Now?
Technically, No. Although, standardization plays a significant role in the new generations of cellular networks. As a matter of fact, 5G will get to see its actual arrangement in mid-2019 which clearly means that any sum of amount to be spent on 5G is likely to have no benefit as of yet.
In addition to that, with the initial beginning of 5G launch, you might need to hold yourself back for quite some time. We know that the launch of 5G is going to be filled with huge amount of leaps and bounds so, it would be intelligent to wait until all networks and phone manufacturers start rolling out 5G.
Yes, 5G is going to be the next big thing of this era which is going to transform not only communication systems but also man-made networks. With this new evolution, we get to connect with people 100 times faster and reach more people, apps, and other things with a maximum speed of 10 Gbps per user.
The transformation will surely build a closer relationship with human and machine. In the above article, we think that we did justice to the next coming thing i.e 5G by explaining almost every aspect that you people might want to know.
If you have any thoughts or other ideas about the topic, share your thoughts with us in the comments section below.